Second Umatilla Crossing
"Traveled 17 miles 4 to the
river the roads fork near the river one takes down the Columbia
the other crosses the Eumatilla and keeps up from the Columbia bottom
here we found a trading post and men employed in building an
indian agency the information that we could get was that the left
hand road was much the best road and grass but water scarce. (Susan Amelia
Cranston, Aug 17, 1851).
This bastion replica memorializes the army post which was built across the Umatilla River from present Echo, OR by Major Mark Chinn in 1855. It was named for the wife of his commander , Major Granville Haller. Excavation has found many bullets and broken clay pipes. The fort was built in response to the Cayuse War and served through several Indian uprisings.
Word Games: According to the Oregon Geographic Names Umatilla is the Indian word for river, so when we say Umatilla River we are really saying river River. Let me see, now. What's my PIN number?
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